Leonard Schoppa is professor politics at the University of Virginia. He is the author of Race for the Exits: The Unraveling of Japan’s System of Social Protection (published by Cornell University Press, 2006); Bargaining with Japan: What American Pressure Can and Cannot Do (Columbia University Press, 1997); and Education Reform in Japan (Routledge, 1991). In addition, he has edited two books, including The Evolution of Japan’s Party System: Politics and Policy in an Era of Institutional Change (University of Toronto Press, 2011). He earned his doctorate in Politics from Oxford in 1989 and has been employed at the University of Virginia (UVA) since 1990. His most recent publications include “Taking Voice Seriously” in Perspectives on Politics (forthcoming) and “The Policy Response to Declining Fertility Rates in Japan: Relying on Logic and Hope over Evidence” in Social Science Japan Journal, volume 23, issue 1 (Winter 2020). He spent two months this summer in Sapporo affiliated with Hokkaido University, doing fieldwork for his next book tentatively titled NIMBYs and Nomads.